Because of the wide degree of severity of cysts and lesions associated with congenital pulmonary airway malformation, treatment plans vary just as widely. Depending on how the condition is impacting the baby, treatment options can range from surgery to specific support after delivery.
The Colorado Fetal Care Center is one of the most experienced and trusted fetal care centers when it comes to diagnosing and treating babies with congenital pulmonary airway malformation. Our state-of-the-art facility offers the best standards in treatments, as well as the best outcomes for babies diagnosed with congenital pulmonary airway malformation.
Congenital pulmonary airway malformation treatment, in general, includes monitoring, fetal intervention and surgery after birth:
After diagnosis, the fetus will be monitored with frequent ultrasounds to determine the growth of the mass and whether the mass is affecting surrounding organs. Other diagnostic tests might be ordered to rule out concurrent conditions. Often a detailed ultrasound of the fetal heart (fetal echocardiogram) is performed to assess the heart structures as well as how those structures are functioning.
Our team of fetal CPAM experts have extensively researched measurements and outcomes to determine indicators that predict which babies could potentially benefit from in utero treatment. During their research, they found that fetuses with CPAM, a dominant cyst and hydrops developed prior to 32 weeks may be candidates for treatment in utero.
Using ultrasound or other imaging methods to view the fetus and cyst, a thin tube (called a shunt) can be directly inserted into the cyst and left in place to drain the cyst into the amniotic fluid. This will cause the cyst to shrink and stop or decrease the accumulation of fluid in the fetus.
Some cases of CPAMs have multiple cysts that require fetus thoracoscopy to break up the cysts before the shunt can be placed. There is also a subset of patients who might benefit from open fetal surgery, whereby the CPAM is surgically removed from the fetal chest while still in the mother’s uterus.
Surgical treatment post-birth
Some cases of CPAM will regress spontaneously before birth, which is why monitoring mass growth is so important before deciding on surgical treatment. Careful postnatal evaluation is also important to ensure complete regression, however, if the mass is not removed before birth. Subtle abnormalities might be evident on a chest X-ray, but a chest CT or MRI may be necessary to detect residual CPAM tissue.
Complete resection of the CPAM mass, usually by the removal of the entire affected lung lobe (lobectomy), is the treatment of choice for CPAM if cysts or masses are still found after initial treatments.
What are the outcomes for CPAM surgery?
The long-term outcome for infants following CPAM surgery is excellent. Infants usually have remarkable growth of lung tissue that remains following surgery, which usually compensates for the portion of lung that was removed (if any).
Why choose the Colorado Fetal Care Center for your child's CPAM treatment?
If your child was diagnosed with congenital pulmonary airway malformation, you probably have a lot of questions. The Colorado Fetal Care Center can help answer them. Learn more about the Colorado Fetal Care Center, including our latest outcomes and the location of a fetal care center near you.